What is Gastroenterology?
Gastroenterology studies the usual function and disease of the esophagus, stomach and small intestine, colon and rectum, pancreas, gallbladder, bile ducts, and liver. It demands a detailed understanding of the usual action (physiology) of the gastrointestinal organs, including, the motion of matter through the stomach and the intestine, the dissolution and absorption of nutrients into the body, removal of waste from the body, and the liver functions as a digestive organ. It comprises common and important conditions such as colon polyps, cancer, Hepatitis, heartburn, ulcer disease, colitis, gallbladder, nutritional problems, Irritable bowel syndrome, and pancreatitis. In short, all activities and disease of the digestive organs is part of a study of Gastroenterology.
Gastroenterology and Hepatology is a limb of medicine that deals with detecting, treating, and administering stomach and liver problems. This department of medical science offers medical care for a broad range of conditions influencing nearby organs such as the gallbladder, pancreas, etc. Best Gastroenterology Hospital in Delhi NCR offers high-quality, specialized services in evaluating and conducting gastroenterology and liver issues. These hospitals have a team of skilled professionals that provide care to the patients based on their different biological markers and conditions.
What are the different conditions that can be treated under Gastroenterology?
- Liver problems
Liver problems encompass a wide range of health issues that directly affect the liver. Some of them are alcoholic liver disease, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, cancer, and Hepatitis. The causes for these liver diseases could be too much intake of alcohol, infections, and sometimes even genes.
The swelling of the pancreas is called pancreatitis, and It can be a severe or continuing disease. Severe pain in the abdomen, Nausea, and Vomiting is because of pancreatitis. Treatment of Pancreatitis can range from pain management to medication and surgical procedures.
- Gastroesophageal Reflux
Gastroesophageal Reflux, also commonly known as (GERD) is a condition in which there is recurrent acid reflux back into the esophagus resulting in heartburn, pain, and irritation. If not treated immediately, it can result in the narrowing of sores of the esophagus. It can be treated with changes in lifestyle, medication, and operations in some cases.
- Abdominal Pain
There could be many reasons for pain in the abdomen. Sometimes what feels like a stomachache may be coming from a different organ in your abdomen, or for that matter, even outside of your digestive system. Causes of Abdominal Pain are digestion, inflammation, female reproductive cycle. In some serious conditions, the pain is likely due to Hepatitis, gallstones, liver cancer, etc. It is wise to seek medical assistance immediately if your pain is persistent and acute.
- Gallbladder and biliary tract disease
The biliary tract comprises the gallbladder and bile ducts that manufacture and store bile. The common conditions affecting the biliary tract are gallstones and tumors. Treatment depends upon the type of condition and health of the patient.
Cirrhosis is a continuing condition in which healthy tissues are replaced with scar tissues, which can lead to liver failure. Detection at an early stage can help give the required treatment, and treating it is only possible with the help of medication and lifestyle changes.
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The unique training that Gastroenterologists finish provides them with the capability to provide high-quality, extensive care for patients with a wide range of gastrointestinal ailments.